Each year, there is a large amount of textile fiber waste is generated in the United States. For both economic and environmental reasons, industries and research organizations have been looking for various technologies to recycle textile fiber waste. Textile waste can be classified as either pre-consumer or post-consumer. Pre-consumer textile waste consists of by-product materials from the textile, fiber and cotton industries while post-consumer textile waste consists of any type of garments or household article, made of some manufactured textile which the owners no longer need and decide to throw away. Even though some of them are giving to charities but more typically are being disposed and go to the landfills. It may be more effective to improve the recycling of both pre-consumer textile waste and post-consumer textile waste.
In order to reduce pre-consumer textile waste, industries should improve the technology of producing textile even though approximately 75 percent of the pre-consumer textile waste that is generated is diverted from our landfills and recycled through the efforts of these industries. Industries should be encouraged to increase use of recycled materials in products and the increase recovery of material for recycling. Also, the industries should be encouraged to use more eco-friendly fibers to develop their products.
To reduce post-consumer textile waste, consumers should be encouraged to consume products are made out of “recycled material”. Despite the fact that almost half percent of the post-consumer textile waste that is recovered is recycled as secondhand clothing, which is typically sold to third-world nations, we should consume more second-hand textile products. But as a fashion and textile student, I would like to make some clothes out of my old garments instead just throw them away in the future.